Tagged with Toxic Substances

Toxic Secrets: Companies Exploit Weak US Chemical Rules to Hide Fracking Risks

Partnership for Policy Integrity / by Dusty Horwitt http://www.pfpi.net/wp-content/uploads/2016/04/PFPI_ToxicSecrets_4-7-2016.pdf [From Politico’s Morning Energy email] There seems to be a lot of data missing from EPA’s review of 105 fracking and drilling chemicals the agency reviewed under the Toxic Substances Control Act, according to a report out today from the environmental group the Partnership for Policy Integrity. The … Continue reading

Hazardous Waste Cleanup: Numbers of Contaminated Federal Sites, Estimated Costs, and EPA’s Oversight Role

US Government Accountability Office http://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-15-830T The Departments of Agriculture (USDA), the Interior, Defense (DOD), and Energy (DOE) have identified thousands of contaminated and potentially contaminated sites on land they manage but do not have a complete inventory of sites, in particular, for abandoned mines. GAO reported in January 2015 that USDA had identified 1,491 contaminated … Continue reading

California’s Fracking Fluids: The Chemical Recipe

Environmental Working Group (EWG) http://www.ewg.org/research/california-s-toxic-fracking-fluid-chemical-recipe The fluids used in hydraulic fracturing of oil wells in California contain dozens of chemicals that are hazardous to human health, including substances linked to cancer, reproductive harm and hormone disruption, an EWG analysis of state data shows. Under a 2013 California law (SB 4) requiring disclosure of all chemicals … Continue reading

A Framework for Identifying Organic Compounds of Concern in Hydraulic Fracturing Fluids Based on Their Mobility and Persistence in Groundwater

Environmental Science and Technology Letters (May 16, 2015, v2 n6 p158–164; DOI: 10.1021/acs.estlett.5b00090) / by Jessica D. Rogers, et al. http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.estlett.5b00090 [Eureka Alert] A new University of Colorado Boulder framework used to screen hundreds of organic chemical compounds used in hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, shows that 15 may be of concern as groundwater contaminants based on their toxicity, … Continue reading

Global E-Waste Monitor 2014: UN Report

United Nations University http://i.unu.edu/media/unu.edu/news/52624/UNU-1stGlobal-E-Waste-Monitor-2014-small.pdf [CBS] The United States and China are the world’s biggest producers of electronic waste and most of the home appliances, computers and smartphones they toss out are never recycled. A report from United Nations University (UNU) found that the world produced 41.8 million metric tons of e-waste in 2014… And while … Continue reading

Methods of Measuring Radioactivity in Fracking Wastewater May Be Inaccurate: Iowa Study

Understanding the Radioactive Ingrowth and Decay of Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials in the Environment: An Analysis of Produced Fluids from the Marcellus Shale Environmental Health Perspectives (April 2, 2015; DOI:10.1289/ehp.1408855) / by Andrew W. Nelson, et al. http://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/1408855/ Background: The economic value of unconventional natural gas resources has stimulated rapid globalization of horizontal drilling and hydraulic … Continue reading

Dispersal Agent Used in Gulf Cleanup is Worse than Oil: Study

Heme Oxygenase-1 Protects Corexit 9500A-Induced Respiratory Epithelial Injury across Species PLoS ONE (April 2, 2015; doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0122275) / by Fu Jun Li, Ryan N. Duggal, et al. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0122275 [Birmingham News] One of the primary dispersants used in the response to the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill can cause damage to the respiratory epithelial cells of humans … Continue reading

Review of California’s Risk-Assessment Process for Pesticides

National Research Council http://www.nap.edu/catalog/21664/review-of-californias-risk-assessment-process-for-pesticides The California Department of Pesticide Regulation(DPR)conducts human health risk assessments as part of its mission to ensure the protection of workers and public health in the state. The risk assessments identify potential health hazards posed by pesticides, characterize dose-response relationships, and estimate exposure to characterize potential risks to humans. Over the … Continue reading

Analysis of Hydraulic Fracturing Fluid Data from the FracFocus Chemical Disclosure Registry 1

US EPA’s Study of Hydraulic Fracturing and Its Potential Impact on Drinking Water Resources report: http://1.usa.gov/1HsH4hE main site with large data files: http://1.usa.gov/1D0YxOg state summaries: http://1.usa.gov/1Gpqqkn [EPA Connect]  The Analysis of Hydraulic Fracturing Fluid Data from the FracFocus Chemical Registry 1.0. is a peer-reviewed analysis built on more than two years of data provided by organizations that manage … Continue reading