State Practices to Protect Drinking Water While Developing Shale Energy

National Governors Association

[Press Release] [This report] looks at factors governors should consider when developing practices to protect ground and surface water that can potentially be used for drinking and food production. Those factors include:

  • Reducing the amount of water used in hydraulic fracturing;
  • Ensuring the integrity of wells during drilling and post-drilling to minimize risks to ground water;
  • Managing the risks of water contamination from hydraulic fracturing fluid;
  • Mitigating the risks of wastewater contamination and seismicity; and
  • Leveraging the unique role of governors to enhance coordination, communication and research capacity.

“Water is our nation’s most important natural resource,” said Wyoming Gov. Matt Mead. “State policies balance protection with responsible energy development. Wyoming was the first state to regulate fracking and one of the first states to establish baseline water rules. States are in the best position to make the right policy decisions for these resources.”

To learn more about the NGA Center for Best Practices Environment, Energy & Transportation Division, please visit


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