World Resources Institute
[Yale Environment 360] A new online tool could help water users in India understand the risks to their water supply, which is dwindling and increasingly polluted, recent analyses show. The tool, created by 13 organizations including the World Resources Institute, allows users to see where the competition for surface water is most intense, where groundwater levels are dropping significantly, and where pollution levels exceed safety standards. Northwest India, for example, faces extremely high surface water stress as well as low groundwater levels, as this map shows. Two states in that region, Punjab and Haryana, currently produce 50 percent of the country’s rice supply and 85 percent of its wheat — both water-intensive crops. Overall, 54 percent of India is under high or extremely high water stress, an equal portion is seeing declining groundwater levels, and more 130 million people live where at least one pollutant exceeds national safety standards, according to the World Resources Institute.