Caribbean Regional Disaster Response and Management Mechanisms: Prospects and Challenges

Brookings Institution / by Mark Kirton

…This study analyzes the engagement of regional organizations in disaster risk management (DRM), beginning in 1991 when the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) heads of government created the Caribbean Disaster Emergency Response Agency (CDERA) as the regional inter-governmental agency charged with coordinating emergency response and   relief efforts to participating states. It has evolved away from its traditional “response and relief” methods towards Comprehensive Disaster Management. This evolution led to a transition to the Caribbean Disaster Management Agency (CDEMA) in 2009.

The Caribbean’s current regional DRM structure is complex, with many regional organizations working with DRM: Caribbean Catastrophic Relief Insurance Facility (CCRIF), Caribbean Institute for Meteorology and Hydrology, Caribbean Disaster Information Network. International partners and donors also play a part: UN, World Bank, OAS, USAID, CIDA, EU, etc. The study explores these partnerships, finding that significant progress has been made in strengthening regional approaches to DRM…


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