Stockholm Environment Institute
The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) have long lived with the challenges of an arid and extremely variable climate, but pressure on regional water systems is increasing rapidly, driven by population growth, socio-economic development, urbanization and environmental degradation. Existing supplies simply cannot meet the growing demand for irrigation and municipal water; as a result, the region must import most of its food.
Climate change is expected to bring even hotter, drier and more variable conditions; at the same time, the region’s greenhouse gas emissions are rising rapidly, driven by the same socio-economic trends that are squeezing water supplies. It is clear that both adaptation and mitigation are urgently needed – and that to be effective, they cannot be undertaken in isolation, but rather must be mainstreamed into these countries’ development strategies…