ADVANCED FOSSIL ENERGY: Information on DOE-Provided Funding for Research and Development Projects Started from Fiscal Years 2010 through 2017

US Government Accountability Office https://www.gao.gov/products/GAO-18-619 Fossil fuels—coal, oil, and natural gas—will likely continue to be the major source of U.S. energy. The Department of Energy funds research and development (R&D) for innovative fossil fuel technologies. In the period we reviewed, the department provided $2.66 billion for 794 such projects. Among other things, we found: 42% … Continue reading

Gaseous Carbon Waste Streams: Utilization Status and Research Needs

National Research Council https://bit.ly/2EwJbu3 In the quest to mitigate the buildup of greenhouse gases in Earth’s atmosphere, researchers and policymakers have increasingly turned their attention to techniques for capturing greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane, either from the locations where they are emitted or directly from the atmosphere. Once captured, these gases can … Continue reading

Deep Decarbonization as a Risk Management Challenge

Rand Corporation/ by Robert J. Lempert, Horacio R. Trujillo https://www.rand.org/pubs/perspectives/PE303.html Deep decarbonization—reducing net human greenhouse gas emissions to zero in the 21st century—is best pursued as a risk management challenge. This Perspective explores three concepts that are particularly important to the implementation of risk management for deep decarbonization—risk governance, complexity, and robustness. Risk governance provides a … Continue reading

Negative Emissions Technologies and Reliable Sequestration: A Research Agenda

National Research Council https://bit.ly/2EIXhsj [New York Times] With time running out to avoid dangerous global warming, the nation’s leading scientific body on Wednesday urged the federal government to begin a research program focused on developing technologies that can remove vast quantities of carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere in order to help slow climate change… …According … Continue reading

Limits to Growth of Forest Biomass Carbon Sink Under Climate Change

Nature Communications (July 13, 2018; DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-05132-5) / by Kai Zhu, Jian Zhang, Shuli Niu, Chengjin Chu and  Yiqi Luo https://www.nature.com/articles/s41467-018-05132-5 [Climate Wire, sub. req’d] …A paper released today in the journal Nature Communications finds that forests in the United States and Canada have already hit about 78 percent of their carbon-sequestering capacity… The study indicates that under the best of … Continue reading

Uncertainty of Consumption-Based Carbon Accounts

Environmental Science & Technology (June 19, 2018; DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.8b00632) / by João F. D. Rodrigues, Daniel Moran, Richard Wood, and Paul Behrens https://bit.ly/2K0wIAm [Abstract] Consumption-based carbon accounts (CBCAs) track how final demand in a region causes carbon emissions elsewhere due to supply chains in the global economic network, taking into account international trade. Despite the importance of … Continue reading

The Rise of Renewables and Energy Transition: What Adaptation Strategy for Oil Companies and Oil-exporting Countries?

Oxford Institute for Energy Studies https://bit.ly/2HiH2OV [Axios] The Oxford Institute for Energy Studies explores the decision-making behind how the industry and oil-exporting countries should approach the rise of renewables and the long-term move away from carbon-intensive fuels, in this new paper. Why it matters: The pace of the global energy transition is a “critical uncertainty,” and there are “dire” … Continue reading