Capturing Synergies Between Water Conservation and Carbon Dioxide Emissions in the Power Sector

CNA Corp. In order to gain a more thorough understanding of potential conflicts and synergies between power generation and water use, we developed a mixed-integer linear programming model of the power sector that captures the key relationships with water. We used the model to develop a series of scenarios for each of four case studies—the North Grid of China, … Continue reading

A Clash of Competing Necessities: Water Adequacy and Electric Reliability in China, India, France, and Texas

CNA Corp. This report describes the application of a new mixed-integer linear programming model of the power sector that accounts for water used for thermal cooling. The model is used to explore a series of scenarios for each of four case studies—the North Grid of China, India, France, and the state of Texas in the … Continue reading

California Low Carbon Fuel Standard Reconsideration: CA-GREET Model Update

California Environmental Protection Agency, Air Resources Board [, sub. req'd]  California regulators are planning to increase the carbon intensity scores for numerous liquid fuels under the state’s low-carbon fuel standard (LCFS), including natural gas, biodiesel and sugarcane ethanol, alarming industry officials who are scrambling to determine the implications of the state’s newly unveiled plan. During … Continue reading

Air Quality Resolution for Health Impact Assessment: Influence of Regional Characteristics

Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (2014, v14, p969–978; doi:10.5194/acp-14-969-2014) / by T. M. Thompson, et al. We evaluate how regional characteristics of population and background pollution might impact the selection of optimal air quality model resolution when calculating the human health impacts of changes to air quality. Using an approach consistent with air quality policy evaluation, we … Continue reading

Regulatory Impact Analysis: Development of Social Cost of Carbon Estimates

US Government Accountability Office To develop the 2010 and 2013 social cost of carbon estimates, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and Council of Economic Advisers convened and led an informal interagency working group in which four other offices from the Executive Office of the President (EOP) and six federal agencies participated. Participating agencies … Continue reading

State Implementation of CO2 Rules: Institutional and Practical Issues with State and Multi-State Implementation and Enforcement

Wilkinson Barker Knauer / by Raymond Gifford, et al. [, sub. req'd] …A group of energy lawyers says states that adopt multi-state plans for complying with EPA’s proposed greenhouse gas (GHG) standards for existing power plants may require congressional approval — as the Constitution’s compact clause requires — in order to meet EPA’s proposed enforceability requirements for … Continue reading

Up in Flames: U.S. Shale Oil Boom Comes at Expense of Wasted Natural Gas, Increased Carbon Dioxide

Earthworks / By: Dusty Horwitt In a new investigation of flaring of natural gas in the nation’s two most prolific shale oil formations, North Dakota’s Bakken Shale and Texas’ Eagle Ford Shale, Earthworks found that North Dakota oil companies have flared more than $854 million of natural gas since 2010, and state officials do … Continue reading

Second Integrated Urban Air Toxics Report to Congress

US EPA [From Press Release]  Today, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released the Second Integrated Urban Air Toxics Report to Congress – the final of two reports required under the Clean Air Act (CAA) to inform Congress of progress in reducing public health risks from urban air toxics. “This report gives everyone fighting for … Continue reading

State-Level Energy-Related Carbon Dioxide Emissions, 2000-2011

US DOE Energy Information Administration This report reviews data on state-level energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions through 2011 that were first posted by EIA in February, 2014… Over the period from 2000 to 2011, CO2 emissions fell in 37 states and rose in 13 states (Table 1). The greatest percentage decrease in CO2 emissions occurred … Continue reading

The Wildfire Burden: Why Public Land Seizure Proposals Would Cost Western States Billions of Dollars

Center for Western Priorities [From a Climate Wire article by Phil Taylor, sub. req'd]  Western states are ill-equipped to take ownership of federal lands because of the spiraling cost of fighting wildfires on national forests, according to a new report from a Denver-based conservation group. The report by the Center for Western Priorities found that … Continue reading